10 different types of wood in India that can be used for furniture
Furniture is one of the unavoidable elements in the home. Whether modern or traditional, it is the furniture that brings out the unique flavor of your home. The different types of wood from India are legendary for the quality they bring to furniture. Although the styles and structure of furniture have changed over time, wood is still preferred among all building materials.
The durability and high artistic value of handmade wooden furniture are famous throughout the world. Wood furniture has always been a defining element in ever-changing home interior design trends.
A modern house is incomplete without furniture. This accessory has evolved over time to become something functional that also adds beauty to the home. The different types of wood from India are legendary for the quality they bring to furniture.
In ancient times, carpenters made furniture using different types of wood without processing or modification. Solid wood is still preferred for furniture in India, due to its durability and high artistic value, which are some of the advantages of wood. There are two types of wood: hardwood and softwood based on density and strength.
Do you know what kind of wood makes furniture strong and beautiful?
Do you know the difference between the type of wood that should be used to make doors and furniture? If not, this guide will help you make the right choice between the different types of wood before investing in furniture and decorative objects, arts and crafts for home decoration.
Here are the 10 different types of wood used in India, which are used to make furniture and decorative items.
The following table consists of the different types of wood in India and their scientific names.
|Rose Wood||Dalbergia Latifolia|
|Satin Wood||Chloroxylon Swietenia|
|Sal Wood||Shorea Robusta|
|Sisoo Wood||Dalbergia Sissoo|
|Marandi Wood||Melia Azederach|
|Mulberry Wood||Morus Alba|
1) Teak Wood (Tectona grandis)
Teak (Tectona grandis) is one of the best woods for furniture because it is highly fire resistant and durable. Teak is also one of the most expensive woods in India.
It looks very attractive after polishing and will not be affected by termites and dry rot. Does not shrink too much and will not corrode metal bands. It is one of the most common types of wood and is for top use only. It is found in central and southern India.
Teak Wood Advantages:-
- Aesthetic Appeal: Teak wood furniture has an attractive straight grain design. It is smooth to the touch and has a rich brown color after polishing compared to plywood or chipboard furniture.
- Durability: Teak wood furniture can last for many years, some of which have not perished for 100 years. In addition, the teak is not damaged during the change of place due to water.
- Rot and Rot Resistant – Teak furniture is durable and will not rot due to its high density. Good wooden furniture should remain in good condition for a long time.
Teak’s high tensile strength and narrow grain make it weather resistant and durable. It is used in the manufacture of outdoor furniture and boats. It is also used in interior finishes, interior flooring and worktops.
Also Read – 10 Modern Door Designs for Your Home
2) Rose Wood (Dalbergia latifolia)
Rosewood or Dalbergia latifolia is hard and very dense. It holds its shape and is available in large sizes that can be used to make decorative sculptures and create cabinets. It is also popularly called “Sheesham” or “Indian Rosewood”. They are found in Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Orissa.
- Hard and rough: It has high resistance to crushing and bending, which provides good stability for carved furniture. Among the different types of wood available in the country, rosewood is the most attractive.
- Attractive Wood Grain – The beautiful appearance of the grain has led to the creation of many musical instruments and decorative items.
Furniture and cabinets are usually made of solid wood such as rosewood. Many sports instruments such as rulers and musical instruments such as violins have been carved from rosewood due to its beautiful exterior.
Rosewood is used in kitchen cabinets, bedrooms, dining room sets, musical instruments, and sculptures because of its durability and beauty.
Rosewood in India usually costs between 1,500 and 6,000 rupees per cubic foot.
3) Satin Wood (Chloroxylon Swietenia)
Satinwood or Chloroxylon swietenia is very durable and long lasting. The high gloss finish makes it very attractive. It is found in central and southern India. It is strong and durable. The high gloss finish makes it very attractive. It is found in central and southern India.
Advantages of Satinwood:-
- EASY TO CARE FOR – Satinwood gives you a flawless finish that hides minor blemishes. It is a good option for laying floors where daily cleaning will not be necessary. Unlike other types of wood, this is mainly used in the manufacture of flooring.
- Low maintenance: Requires regular polishing but no daily maintenance. Polished surfaces stay beautiful for a long time.
- Durability: It is durable and gives the desired look or finish with a coating of choice. Satinwood is used to make decorative pieces and furniture.
The average price of Satinwood in India is around Rs 1,250 to 1,500 per cubic foot.
4) Sal wood (Shorea robusta)
Sal Wood or Shorea robusta is mainly found in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh. Its tensile strength and durability make it a popular choice for making musical instruments and flooring. They are mainly found in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh. Its tensile strength and durability make it a popular choice for making musical instruments and flooring.
Advantages of sal wood: –
- Durable – It is the most durable of all woods, making it a popular choice for furniture, beams, and frame construction.
- Immune to caries: It is resistant to the attack of fungi, termites and insects.
- Strength: His strength makes him an ideal choice for providing strength and support. Salt wood is used to make wooden doors, posts and frames. It is also useful in the manufacture of small furniture.
The average price of Salwood in India is around Rs 1,250 to 1,500 per cubic foot.
5) Sissolt or Sheesham’ or ‘Tali’ (Dalbergia Sissoo)
SissoIt (Dalbergia sissoo) is called ‘Sheesham’ and also ‘Tali’ in some regions of the country. It is durable and can be easily seasoned. It takes up the rich polish. It is found in Bengal, Assam, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Orissa.
Advantages of Sisoo wood:-
- Strength: Sisoo is strong and durable.
- Good finish: Out of the different types of wood, Sisoo takes up polish very well, therefore, giving a good sheen to the furniture and flooring.
- Good look: Furniture or flooring made of Sisoo look attractive, thus making it a valuable investment for your home.
It can be shaped well to make decorative pieces of furniture. It is used to make railway sleepers and sports goods as well.
6) Marandi or White Cedar (Melia Azedarach)
Marandi wood (Melia Azedarach) or white cedar timber, resistant to rot and termites. It can be shaped to make wooden accessories. It is mainly imported from Malaysia and is lighter than other types of wood. It is resistant to decay and termites. It can be shaped to make wooden accessories. It is mainly imported from Malaysia and is lighter than other types of wood.
Advantages of Marandi wood:-
- Decay Resistance: Impervious to termites, mold, and insects.
- Good texture: It has a light, smooth and uniform texture.
- Beauty: Among the different types of wood, Marandi requires the least maintenance and has a high aesthetic appeal, especially when
Marandi wood is used to create wooden accessories such as shoe racks, dressers, drawers, chests and other decorative elements.
The average price of white cedar lumber in India is around Rs 900 to Rs 1400 per cubic foot.
7) Mahogany (Swietenia Macrophylla)
Mahogany remains durable underwater and takes on a deep color after polishing. It is found in Bengal, Assam and Kerala.
Advantages of Mahogany:-
- Glossy finish: Its porosity absorbs paint so well that it gives it an elegant glossy finish that makes it an ideal choice for making furniture.
- Durability: does not degrade under water. Very good for houses, especially log cabins located near bodies of water such as lakes and rivers.
- Crafts: It is the finest wood, so it can be easily carved.
Mahogany is used to make cabinets, furniture, and patterns in decorative art pieces.
The average price of mahogany in India ranges from Rs 850 to Rs 2,500 per cubic foot, depending on the sub-variety.
8) Mulberry (Morus alba)
Mulberry or Morus alba wood provides an elegant finish and can be easily carved to create decorative flooring, furniture and décor. It gives an elegant finish and can be easily carved to create decorative flooring, furniture, and décor.
Advantages of Berries:-
- Strength: solid and flexible.
- Clean Finish: Makes furniture attractive for its aesthetic appeal. Its range of colors is wide compared to other types of wood, which can be used to give a desirable finish.
- Easy to Carve: They can be easily carved and made into decorative furniture and practical things such as drawers and cabinets.
Berries can be used to make small pieces of furniture, upside-down items, and fence posts.
9) Deodar (Cedrus deodara)
As a building material, cedar (Cedrus deodara) is very durable, mildew resistant, close-grained, and can take a deep polish to a good finish. It is found in Punjab and Uttar Pradesh.
Advantages of Deodar:-
- Durable: It is a durable, long-lasting and exquisite wood.
- Mildew Resistance: Deodar is immune to decay by water and insects, giving it a longer shelf life.
- High gloss absorbers – absorbs colors to varying degrees, making it useful for creating decorative objects and furniture.
In ancient times, it was used to build religious temples and landscapes. It is used in the manufacture of railway cars, railroad ties, packing boxes, and furniture.
The average price of Deodar wood in India is around Rs 550 to Rs 2,500 per cubic foot.
10) Jackwood (Artocarpus heterophyllu)
Jackwood is compact, fine grained and easy to work with. They are found in Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra.
Advantages of Jackwood:-
- Uniform grain: it is a uniform grain that gives a good finish.
- Easy to work with: It can be easily carved and designed to make furniture and other materials.
- Aesthetic Appeal – The beauty of wood makes it a popular choice for making musical instruments and aesthetically appealing objects.
Jackwood is used to make furniture, door panels, cabinets, and musical instruments.
The average price of Jackwood in India is around Rs 1,200 to Rs 2,900 per cubic foot.
*Disclaimer: Prices shown vary by region and the quality of lumber in the region.
Why choose wooden furniture?
This is one of the most frequently asked questions of every new or old home buyer in our country. When you get more modern, sleek and stylish alternatives to wooden furniture, which is also often cheaper, why go for wood?
But history says otherwise, wooden furniture has always stood the test of time, and its majestic finish could not be authentically recreated by any of today’s alternatives. Although there are many contenders, none of which can compete with the royal outlook and intricate craftsmanship of wooden furniture. And the pride an owner feels is incomparable, due to our long tradition of love for wooden artifacts.
As mentioned before,
These are the different types of wood that are used in India to make furniture. As with the woods available in the market today, there are also several synthetic alternatives for making furniture, but Indian households still prefer solid wood furniture due to its durability and repairability. These advantages of wood make it a popular choice over man-made wood alternatives. Since Indians prefer furniture and decorative objects with intricate carvings, wood is preferred and certain types of wood such as teak are popular choices.
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Credit – Homes247.in