Get Returns From Real Estate Without Buying Property: Know What Is REIT Investment In India


Looking to invest in Indian real estate without the hassle of property management?

Enter REITs, or Real Estate Investment Trusts. These are companies that own and operate income-generating properties across various sectors like office spaces, shopping malls, and even hotels.

Introduced in 2014 by SEBI (Securities and Exchange Board of India), REITs allow you to pool your money with other investors and gain exposure to a diversified real estate portfolio.

But the best part? REITs are required to distribute a major chunk of their income as dividends to shareholders. So, they're a great option if you're seeking a steady stream of income from your investments.

REITs are structured in three tiers, comprising the Sponsor, Trustee, and Manager.

  • Sponsor: The sponsor initiates the formation of the REIT, transferring their owned properties or real estate to the trust. Typically, real estate developers seeking capital act as sponsors in REITs.
  • Trustee: Appointed by the sponsor, the trustee holds the assets on behalf of the unitholders.
  • Manager: The trustee selects a manager to oversee REIT assets and make investment choices. Usually, the manager is a privately held company closely affiliated with the sponsor.

Real Estate

How do REITs work in India?

Think of a REIT like a mutual fund but for real estate. Here’s a simplified breakdown:

  • Investors like you contribute money to the REIT.
  • The REIT uses this money to buy income-generating real estate.
  • The income from rents and other sources is distributed to investors as dividends, typically around 90% of their earnings as mandated by SEBI.

Can you invest in REITs in India?

REITs function like a stock market shortcut for real estate investing. They trade on exchanges just like company shares, so you can buy and sell units easily through a stockbroker.

This eliminates the burden of directly managing properties, making it a convenient option for investors. Plus, REIT units offer liquidity as they're actively traded.

However, remember that even with REITs, there are risks involved. The value can fluctuate based on market movements, interest rates, and the overall property market health. So, do your research before diving in!

REITs In India

As of today, the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) recognizes five REITs operating in the Indian market. These are:

  • Brookfield India Real Estate Trust
  • Embassy Office Parks REIT
  • Mindspace Business Parks REIT
  • Nexus Select Trust
  • One Real Estate Investment Trust

This list provides a starting point for your research if you're considering investing in Indian REITs.

Here are some additional points to consider:

REITs are a relatively new instrument in India, with the first one being launched in 2014.

There are different types of REITs, each focusing on a specific property type (office, retail, etc.).

Additionally, consider consulting with a financial advisor to determine if REITs align with your investment goals and risk tolerance.

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